|場 所：||東京大学医学部図書館３階 ３３３会議室
スリランカ コロンボ大学医学部 医学教育開発研究センター 上級講師
|演 題：||In Selection, Some Test Formats Work; But Some Do Not.|
|概 要：||Traditionally, selection for medicine, as practised in many parts of the world, is based on oral examinations or interviews. Interviews, however, are known to be less reliable and less valid. The traditional interview is less reliable as only one oral examination with a single panel of examiners (usually two examiners) is used to decide on the applicant's suitability.
Similarly it is less valid because the oral examination format is incapable of assessing all the competencies that a future doctor will require.
Hence, researchers have been active in finding more valid and reliable methods of selection. Increasing the number of examiners and the number of test items (i.e. number of orals) is the main method that has been adopted to improve reliability. To improve content validity carefully selecting the test material using a competency-based assessment blueprint has proven effective. Competencies thus tested at selection should as much as possible reflect the competencies (or learning outcomes) expected of the student on graduation. In other words, the selection test should be the first assessment that a student takes in the medical school.
Further, a selection test should be able to accommodate different test formats. Such formats in turn would facilitate the assessment of a wide range of competencies. Also a selection test should be able to incorporate a wide range of examiners and test material. There are only a few test formats that have both these capabilities. The OSCE (the Objective Structured Clinical Examination) is one such example. The widely used multiple mini interviews, for instance, use the OSCE test format. The different test formats that can be included in an OSCE are termed station formats. Out of these station formats we will explore and discuss during this session which test format is the best station format for a selection test.